Unsere Forschung

Unsere Forschungsinteressen

Unsere Forschungsinteressen liegen im Bereich der Adaptationsprozesse des Alterns und wie diese günstig beeinflusst werden können. Dabei verstehen wir den Menschen als einen aktiven Gestalter seiner eigenen Entwicklung und stellen entsprechend motivationale Prozesse der Entwicklung in den Vordergrund. Generell geht es um die Frage, wie Menschen ihre Entwicklung bis ins hohe Alter durch eine optimale Nutzung sich verändernder Ressourcen gestalten können. Gleichzeitig untersuchen wir die Rolle der sozialen Umwelt für diese Prozesse. 

Unsere Methoden

Unsere Methoden reichen vom Selbstbericht und Fremdbericht über Beobachtung (Eye-Tracking, EAR, Reaktionszeitmessungen, Verhaltensbeobachtung, quantitative Textanalyse) bis hin zu physiologischen Messungen. Wir wenden korrelative (quer- und längsschnittliche) und experimentelle Designs an. 

Aktuelle Publikationen

Hoppler, S., Segerer, S. & Nikitin, J. (2022). The Six Components of Social Interactions: Actor, Partner, Relation, Activities, Context, and Evaluation. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 6258. doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.743074

 

Abstract:

Social interactions are essential aspects of social relationships. Despite their centrality, there is a lack of a standardized approach to systematize social interactions. The present research developed (Study 1) and tested (Study 2) a taxonomy of social interactions. In Study 1 (5,676 descriptions of social interactions from N = 708 participants, age range 18–83 years), we combined a bottom-up approach based on the grounded theory with a top-down approach integrating existing empirical and theoretical literature to develop the taxonomy. The resulting taxonomy (APRACE) comprises the components Actor, Partner, Relation, Activities, Context, and Evaluation, each specified by features on three levels of abstraction. A social situation can be described by a combination of the components and their features on the respective abstraction level. Study 2 tested the APRACE using another dataset (N = 303, age range 18–88 years) with 1,899 descriptions of social interactions. The index scores of the six components, the frequencies of the features on the most abstract level, and their correlations were largely consistent across both studies, which supports the generalizability of the APRACE. The APRACE offers a generalizable tool for the comprehensive, parsimonious, and systematic description of social interactions and, thus, enables networked research on social interactions and application in a number of practical fields.

Aktuelle Publikationen

Nikitin, J., Wünsche, J., Bühler, J. L., Weidmann, R., Burriss, R. P., & Grob, A. (2021). Interdependence of approach and avoidance goals in romantic couples over days and months. Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 76(7), 1251–1263. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbaa149

 

Abstract:

Objectives
Despite the centrality of people’s approach goals (i.e., approach toward positive outcomes) and avoidance goals (i.e., avoidance of negative outcomes) in romantic relationships, little is known about the interdependence of approach and avoidance relationship goals between partners. Assuming that short-term, state-level goals accumulate into general goal tendencies, the present research tested whether partners’ daily (i.e., state level) and aggregated daily (i.e., trait level) approach and avoidance goals are mutually predictive in the short term (after one day) and the long term (after 10–12 months). In addition, we explored whether goal interdependence unfolds differently across adulthood and in relationships of different duration.

Method
Approach and avoidance goals were assessed daily on two 14-day measurement-burst occasions that were conducted 10–12 months apart. The sample consisted of N = 456 female–male couples (age: M = 33.6, SD = 13.8 years; relationship duration: M = 9.6, SD = 10.7 years).

Results
We observed significant short- and long-term partner effects in the prediction of couple members’ approach and avoidance goals. These partner effects were restricted to trait level and they did not emerge at the state level. Almost all effects were independent of age and relationship duration.

Discussion
The present research underscores the importance of disentangling state- and trait-level goal tendencies when investigating the interdependence of approach and avoidance goals within romantic relationships.


Haben Sie eine Frage zur Psychologie des Alterns?

Und wollen Sie wissen, welche Antwort die Wissenschaft auf diese Frage hat? Dann schicken Sie uns Ihre Frage und wir werden die Antwort auf unserer Webseite veröffentlichen (natürlich anonym).

Formular für offene Fragen
Dies ist ein Pflichtfeld
Dies ist ein Pflichtfeld